

Speed Velocity Acceleration Constant Acceleration Free Fall Forces and Newton's Law Kinetic Energy Potential Energy Free Fall Forces Conservation of Energy Conservation of Momentum PHYSICS LINKS Thinkquest Physics LibraryPhysics Zone Multimedia Physics Studio 
Classic
Problem in Here is an example of a typical question in the area of Conservation of Momentum that students have difficulty solving: Problem: Two cars colliding
Solution: Find the velocity of the movement of the two cars after the collision. In order to solve this problem we have to find the final speed of both cars after they collide. We can do this by applying the law of conservation of momentum, which states that the sum of the initial momentums of the two cars before they collide is equal to the sum of the two cars' final momentum after the collision. _____________________________________ The first thing we must do is write down the formula for conservation of momentum. Click on any part of the equation below to learn more about it.
In this problem, before we plug the numbers into the formula, we should simplify the formula and change the signs. Simplify the masswe can do this because the mass of the first car is identical to the mass of the second car: m_{1 }= m_{2 }= m. Simplify the final velocitywe can do this because the two cars will bump into each other. When two bodies collide and start moving together, the collision is called an inelastic collision. In inelastic collision the final velocities of the two bodies are the same: v_{f1 }= v_{f2 }= v_{f}. Now our formula for an inelastic collision after the simplification looks like Change the signswe must do this because in this problem we are dealing with momentum which is a vector quantity. Since the two cars are moving toward each other, which means they are moving in opposite directions, it is up to us which direction we choose to be positive or negative. Usually in physics the right direction is positive and left is negative. v_{i1}=15m/s (positive)
m X 15 m/s + m X (10 m/s) = (m + m) X v_{f} 15  10 = 2v_{f} To get v_{f} divide both sides of the equation by 2 CHECK YOURSELF! Think you know the answer? Enter it in the box below and press "Check!" to see if it's correct. Don't worry  this is not a test, and if your answer is wrong, we'll tell you the solution!
